Blog entry by Aurora Dobrin

Picture of Aurora Dobrin
by Aurora Dobrin - Thursday, 27 October 2016, 12:29 PM
Anyone in the world

Purslane blooming

Purslane blooming


Medicinal herbs may serve as preventive and curative medicine especially in human and veterinary pathology. Purslane (Portulaca oleracea), an annual succulent member of the Portulacaeae family, one of these "treasure plants”. It is widely spread in Europe, North America, North Africa, Middle East, India, China, Malaysia, Australia. There is archaeological evidence that this species has existed since prehistoric times.[13]

The main groups of active substances of Portulaca oleracea

Portulaca oleracea has substantial medicinal and nutritional properties: high content of l-norepinephrine (l-noradrenaline 0.25% in fresh plant) which is a neurohormone that has antihypotensive properties and reducing bleeding of tissue.  The raw plant contains vitamins A, B1, B2, B3, C, nicotinic acid (vitamin PP), α-tocopherol, β-carotene, minerals (Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, P, K), melatonin, fatty acids especially omega 3 (purslane has  the largest amount of omega 3 of all green vegetables), glutathione, glutamic acid, and aspartic acid. The plant also contains mucilaginous substances, calcium oxalate, malic and citric acid, dopamine, coumarins, flavonoids, alkaloids. In plant composition have been identified portulozide and three monoterpenes glycosides.[6];[7];[8];[10]

 

Portulaca oleracea uses

Internal administration

Purslane has health benefit in: digestive inflammation, airway inflammation (asthma), inflammation of the bladder (cystitis), urinary stones, diabetes, or skin diseases (Lichen planus). The leaves are diuretic, the seeds are cited as having vermifuge effects .[1];[5]

Aqueous extracts of purslane have antioxidant properties, reduce lipid peroxidation, reduce oxidative stress, are neuroprotective, provide protection of gastric mucosa and are excellent antifungal and antiviral  remedies. [4]

External administration

 The fresh plant extract  produces faster healing of skin injuries. Crushed leaves are used in gum inflammation.[7]

 Food

 It can be added in salads or in various dishes like: Purslane Pesto, Tomato Cucumber Purslane Salad; Purslane Spring Salad; Stir-Fried Purslane; Pickled Purslane [9];[11];[12];[13]

Agriculture

Portulaca oleracea can extract a significant amount of salt from soil, thus soil salinity will  be at a reasonable level. [3]

 Veterinary medicine

 Studies made in Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University, Turkey, have concluded that the addition of Portulaca oleracea in the diet of chickens increased significantly egg production and omega 3 content of eggs.[2] 

For a healthy life use Purslane!

 

Bibliography

1. Agha-Hosseini, F., Borhan-Mojabi, K., Monsef-Esfahani, H.R., Mirzaii-Dizgah, I., Etemad-Moghadam, S., Karagah, A., 2010. Efficacy of purslane in the treatment of oral lichen planus;

2. Aydin, R., Dogan, I., 2010. Fatty acid profile and cholesterol content of egg yolk from chickens fed diets supplemented with purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.);

3.Cenk, C.K., Yasemin, S.K., Dilek, A., 2008. Performance of purslane (Portulaca oleracea L.) as a salt-removing crop;

4. Dong, C.X., Hayashi, K., Lee, J.B., Hayashi, T., 2010. Characterization of structures and antiviral effects of polysaccharides from Portulaca oleracea L.;

5. El-Sayed, M.I., 2011. Effects of Portulaca oleracea L. seeds in treatment of type-2 diabetes mellitus patients as adjunctive and alternative therapy. J Ethnopharmacol, 137(1):643-651;

6.Ramzan, I., 2015.Phytgotherapies: Efficacy, Safety, and Regulation. Publisher John Wiley & Sons, 2015, ISBN          1119006236, 9781119006237 available online at: https://books.google.ro/books?id=nnFuCAAAQBAJ&dq=l-norepinephrine+from+purslane&source=gbs_navlinks_s

7. Rashed, A.N., Afifi, F.U., Disi, A.M. 2003. Simple evaluation of the wound healing activity of a crude extract of Portulaca oleracea L. (growing in Jordan) in Mus musculus, JVI-1. J Ethnopharmacol;

8. Simopoulos, A.P., Tan, D.X., Manchester, L.C., Reiter, R.J. 2005. Purslane: a plant source of omega-3 fatty acids and melatonin;

9. Valnet, J., 1987. Traitement des Maladies par les légumes et les céréales, Maloine S.A. Éditeur. France;

10. Youngwan, S., Jongheon, S., Hyo, J.C., You-Ah Kim Jong, W.A., Lee, B.J. and Dong, S.L. 2003. A New Monoterpene Glucoside from Portulaca oleracea;

11. http://www.gourmetsleuth.com/articles/detail/verdolaga;

12.http://www.organicauthority.com/eco-chic-table/dont-pull-the-purslane.html;

13.http://www.herballegacy.com/Griffiths_History.html

[ Modified: Thursday, 27 October 2016, 12:36 PM ]